Syria Humanitarian Overview (HSOS): Northeast Syria, February 2022 – Syrian Arab Republic

Introduction and methodology

HSOS is a monthly assessment that provides comprehensive, multi-sectoral information on humanitarian conditions and priority needs in Syria. This fact sheet presents a thematic review based on the HSOS assessment of priority needs and humanitarian assistance, economic conditions, living conditions, access to basic services, the COVID-19 situation and the security and protection situation in northeastern Syria (NES). The results of the sectoral indicators by location are available on the HSOS Dashboard.

The assessment is conducted using a community-level key informant (KI) methodology. REACH investigators are based in Syria and interview three to five key informants per location assessed, either directly or remotely (by phone). Key informants are chosen based on their community-level and sector-specific knowledge. This fact sheet presents information gathered from 1,220 communities in Aleppo (225 communities), Ar-Raqqa (251 communities), Al-Hasakeh (652 communities) and Deir-ez-Zor (92 communities). Data was collected between February 2 and February 20, 2022 from 4,645 key informants (17% women). Unless otherwise specified in a final note, all indicators refer to the situation in the 30 days preceding the data collection. The results are indicative rather than representative and should not be generalized to the entire population and region. Results calculated based on a subset of the community are indicated by the following footnote ♦, each subset being specified in the endnotes.

The complete monthly HSOS dataset is available on the REACH Resource Center.


The February findings highlight significant challenges for people in northeastern Syria (NES), as economic insecurity has impacted households’ ability to meet basic needs, and persistent insecurity caused displacement and damaged infrastructure.

  • In the NES, economic insecurity has affected people’s ability to meet their basic needs. Livelihoods were the most frequently reported priority need for both residents and internally displaced persons (IDPs). Insufficient income and a lack of job opportunities matching people’s skills were the most frequently reported barriers to meeting basic needs, reported by key informants in 92% and 65% of communities assessed, respectively.

  • High prices and low purchasing powerb have forced households to adopt negative coping strategies, including sending children to work and reducing food and water consumption. In more than half of the communities, where coping livelihood strategies were reported, key informants indicated that a proportion of children were sent to work (50% for residents and 61% for people). displaced). Key informants in almost a quarter of communities reported that households skipped or reduced meals to cope with lack of food. Water trucking services were perceived as too expensive, forcing a proportion of households to limit their water consumption, in particular by reducing their drinking water consumption, as reported by key informants in 19% of the assessed communities.

  • Access to health care continued to be difficult. Key informants in 70% of assessed communities indicated that households did not have access to health services in the assessed location, likely because households could not afford to pay for health services (barrier reported by respondents). key informants in 87% of assessed communities without access to health care) . In addition, problems with medical supplies affected the functioning of health facilities.c As a result, key informants in 52% of communities reported that a lack of medicines or medical equipment was a barrier to access to health care in February.

  • Insecurity affects communities living in the NES. In February, perceived corruption and a decision by local authorities to halt fuel distributions sparked protests across the region. including a power station, and caused displacement.e Fear of impending conflict was reported by key informants in 218 communities, up from 57 in December.

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